Historia: Día de la Revolución

By: Paige Velasquez

Tomorrow is a day that is important for many who have roots in Mexico. Marking the start of a movement to overthrow the 34 year military rule of dictator José de la Cruz Porfirio Díaz Mori, Nov. 20 marks Día de la Revolución in Mexico.

The ten-year revolution began in 1910 and was led by 1911 president, Francisco Madero.  By writing a document that became known as “The Plan of San Luis Potosí” while in exile in San Antonio, Texas, Medrano challenged the residents of Mexico to begin a revolution on Nov. 20 at 6 p.m.

Many took up arms against Díaz such as Emilliano Zapata, who led the struggle to return the lands to the residents through ejidos. Robin Hood outlaw, Pancho Villa showed his support for Madero by heading the revolution in his region.

After Díaz surrendered, Madero set up a provisional government before being elected President of Mexico in 1911.  Even after Madero took power there was heated conflict and limited patience among the different revolution leaders.

Originally appointed to repress the offensive, Victoria Huerta ended up being the biggest traitor during the Mexican Revolution. He captured and killed Madero and his family for a short-lived victory.

The Constitutional Movement caused Huerta to flee Mexico in 1914 and reform the 1917 Constitution. Fighting ended in Mexico leading to the end of the Mexico Revolution in 1920.

To celebrate Día de la Revolución, many attend outdoor festivals where festive food is sold, stories are told and songs are sung about these revolutionary heroes.

¡Viva la revolución! ¡Viva México!

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